Marine Flora of Singapore

Red seaweed, Rhodophyta, Pulau Hantu patch reef, 2003. Red seaweeds produce a jelly-like substance which is used to make agar-agar for some species!

Crustose coralline algae, Raffles Lighthouse, 2001. Coralline algae is important to the coral reef ecosystem. Their calcareous form helps to cement the reef structure through encrusting on loose substrate. Additionally, they possess chemical signals encouraging the settlement of hard coral larvae and other reef organisms.

Sea grass, Cymodocea, Labrador Beach, 2001. Sea grasses are the only true marine plants. Unlike seaweeds, they have well developed root and reproductive systems. They grow on some reef flats and are important for consolidating sediments, and providing nursery grounds for many marine organisms.

Tape seagrass with flower, Enhalus, Labrador Beach, 2001.

Bakau, Rhizophora, Pulau Semakau, 2001. Mangrove nurseries of Rhizophora were established on the northen and southern end of Pulau Semakau to mitigate the impacts of constructing the landfill.

Green seaweed, Chlorophyta: Neomeris annulata, Pulau Hantu, 12 July 2003. This hard green algae also incorporates calcium into its body structure. It is commonly found growing among rocks.

Green seaweed, Chlorophyta: Avrainvillea erecta. This green algae is commonly found in sandier areas and grows in a single fan-shaped frond.