Coral Reefs of Singapore


Reef flat at Raffles Lighthouse, 2 May 2003

Exposed reef flat - Raffles Lighthouse, 2002. Boulder corals look like brown rocks but they are actually living organisms!

General reef scene - Raffles Lighthouse, 2002. Despite the high levels of sediment in the water, the fringing reef at Raffles Lighthouse still offers and supports a profuse amount of marine life, including fish.

An assortment of hard coral recruits (juvenile coral colonies) - Raffles Lighthouse, 2002. It is encouraging to see hard coral recruits on Singapore reefs as it shows that corals are still able to reproduce and replenish the reefs.

Exposed patch reef - Lazarus, 2002. Before the recent reclamation, Lazarus Island was surrounded by a fringing reef and two patch reefs.

Pavona patch at Raffles Lighthouse, 1 September 2003

Raffles Lighthouse reef slope. The soft coral Sarcophyton is one of many organisms that inhabit the coral reef of Raffles Lighthouse. 2 May 2003.

Raffles Lighthouse. On a good day, you can see schools of fish at Raffles Lighthouse. 2 May 2003.

Pulau Hantu reef flat, 12 July 2003. During low spring tides, much of the fringing reef flats of the southern islands are exposed.

Kusu Island, 7 November 2003.

Kusu Island, 7 November 2003.

Raffles Lighthouse western reef, 29 Jan 2004

Raffles Lighthouse western reef, 29 Jan 2004

Raffles Lighthouse western reef, 2 Jan 2004

Raffles Lighthouse western reef, 2 Jan 2004

Purple soft coral next to Montipora hard coral, Kusu Island, 10 April 2004

Kusu Island lagoon at low tide. Many hard corals can be found together with a host of marine organisms in the swimming lagoon of Kusu Island which are exposed at low tide. 10 April 2004.

Big DIP (Diploastraeidae: Diploastrea heliopora). Sometimes you come across big colonies of hard corals on S'pore reefs. Given that hard corals grow so slowly (1-15 cm/year), how old do you think this colony is? Pulau Hantu, March 2005.

Big Diploastrea heliopora, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Brain coral, Lobophylliidae: Symphyllia, Pulau Hantu, March 2005

Butterflyfish in Acropora staghorn coral, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Hard coral garden, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Serpent coral field, Euphylliidae: Pachyseris, Pulau Hantu, March 2005

Hard coral garden, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Hard coral wall, Porites, Montipora, etc., Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Hard coral garden, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Reef crest, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Montipora field, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Hard coral garden, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Reef crest, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Hard coral garden, Raffles Lighthouse, March 2005

Reef crest, Raffles Lighthouse, 8 April 2015

Reef crest, Raffles Lighthouse, 8 April 2015

Reef slope, Raffles Lighthouse, 8 April 2015

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